The Late Copper Age Cemetery at Pilismarót-Basaharc

Mária Bondár
15 659 Ft
978 963 9911 75 8

Publications of the Archaeological Institute of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences

Budapest, Archaeolingua, 2015
Keménykötés | Hardcover
381 oldal, színes és fekete-fehér illusztrációkkal | 381 pages with colored and grayscale images

ISBN 978 963 9911 75 8

Table of contents // Tartalomjegyzék


This monograph presents the final report on Pilismarót-Basaharc, one of the most remarkable cemeteries of the Late Copper Age in the Carpathian Basin. The 110 cremated burials of the cemetery were excavated by István Torma. The interpretation of cemeteries as ritual spaces only gained ground in Hungarian research during the past few years. Cemeteries can be assigned to the cognitive sphere in this sense. This book argues while cemeteries are certainly not the direct continuation of one-time life, they are ritual, mystical spaces that have preserved various imprints of former beliefs, ceremonies and rites.

This book presents a description of the burials, a typological analysis of the grave goods and a meticulous examination of the burial rites practiced by the community using the cemetery. The process of miniaturisation is reflected by several items in the grave inventories (miniature vessels, various small finds, animal figurines and a wagon model). In the literate civilisations of Antiquity, miniature objects have a clear association with funerary rites. The archaeological chapters are supplemented with the physical anthropological analysis of the human cremated remains and with the radiocarbon dates made on calcined bones as well as with studies on the lithic material and the animal bone sample.